Anishinaabe Word of The Day

Judge – female (dibaakonigewikwe)

judge is a person who presides over court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges. In an adversarial system the judge hears all the witnesses and any other evidence presented by the barristers or solicitors of the case, assesses the credibility and arguments of the parties, and then issues a ruling in the case based on their interpretation of the law and their own personal judgment. A judge is expected to conduct the trial impartially and, typically, in an open court.

The powers, functions, method of appointment, discipline, and training of judges vary widely across different jurisdictions. In some jurisdictions, the judge’s powers may be shared with a jury. In inquisitorial systems of criminal investigation, a judge might also be an examining magistrate. The presiding judge ensures that all court proceedings are lawful and orderly.


Audio Piece

Anishinaabe Stories or Other Interesting Facts!


As the first female Native American federal judge, Diane J. Humetewa is frequently asked about growing up in two worlds: participating in school and social activities in Phoenix while adhering to the Hopi way of life as an enrolled member of the tribe.

“It’s one world in my view,” said Humetewa, who serves as a U.S. district judge in the District of Arizona. “I would do all the things that high school kids would do … but perhaps on the weekend we’d have to go to the reservation.”


Related Words


dibaakon vta judge h/

Paired with: dibaakonan vti

dibaakonan vti judge it

Paired with: dibaakon vta

dibaakonige vai s/he judges things
dibaakonigaazo vai s/he is judged, is sentenced (by someone), “they” judge, sentence h/
judge a certain way
inaakon vta decide about h/ a certain way; judge h/ a certain way; sentence h/ a certain way

inaakonan vti decide a certain way about it; judge it a certain way

Paired with: inaakon vta

inaakonigaazo vai s/he is judged a certain way (by someone), “they” judge h/ a certain way; s/he is sentenced a certain way (by someone), “they” sentence h/ a certain way